Fruits & Foundations (Sermon Study Guide)

This week we are drawing our study of the Sermon on the Mount to a close with Jesus penetrating instruction on good spiritual fruit and strong spiritual foundations from Luke 6:43-49

In verses 43-45, Jesus teaches us that in the same way a tree’s nature is revealed in its fruit, a person’s nature is revealed by what he or she produces.

  • According to Jesus, how do we know the true nature of our hearts?
  • How do we recognize true spiritual fruit? Further, how do we tell the difference between fruit born of the Spirit and the so-called “fruit” that is born of sinful self-righteousness? (See Galatians 5:22-24 for reference)
  • Jesus speaks of a “good person” in verse 45 producing “good fruit.” How does this teaching square with Jesus words to the rich young ruler in Luke 18:19, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone”?
  • Take time with your HFG to follow Paul’s instruction in II Corinthians 13:5, “Examine yourself to see whether you are in the faith.” Be bold and loving in your care of one another. Likewise, affirm the Lord’s work in one another, identifying the good spiritual fruit in each other’s lives. Take time to thank God for His work and pray for a greater “harvest of righteousness” in the days ahead (see II Corinthians 9:10; Hebrews 12:11)

In verses 46-49, Jesus teaches us that in the same way that a man who builds his house on the rock will endure the test of the storm, the person who listens and obeys Jesus words will endure the trials of life and judgment (see I Corinthians 3:11).

  • According to Jesus, true disciples are those that hear and do what the Lord says. Is there any area of practice where you are resistant to the teaching of Jesus?
  • The person who listens and does the word of the Lord is like a man who has “dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock.” Practically speaking, what does digging down deep and laying a foundation entail?
  • How does doing the word of the Lord establish strength and stability for life, especially in times of trial? With your family or HFG, share a story from your life that exemplifies this truth.
  • The person who does not do the word of the Lord is like a man who “built a house on the ground without a foundation.” How does not doing the word of the Lord create insecurity and instability? Where can you see the negative effects of not doing the word of the Lord in your life?
  • Take time to pray with a friend or HFG regarding the areas of your life that are flimsy and weak, due to your disobedience to the Lord’s word. Make a plan for accountability and follow up with your friend or group in the areas discussed.

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